Migraine Treatment

Migraine Treatment

Migraine Treatment

There's currently no cure for migraines, although a number of treatments are available to help ease the symptoms.

It may take time to work out the best treatment for you. You may need to try different types or combinations of medicines before you find the most effective ones.

If you find you cannot manage your migraines using over-the-counter medicines, your GP may prescribe something stronger.

Many medications have been designed to treat migraines. Medications used to combat migraines fall into two broad categories:

  • Pain-relieving medications.Also known as acute or abortive treatment, these types of drugs are taken during migraine attacks and are designed to stop symptoms.
  • Preventive medications.These types of drugs are taken regularly, often daily, to reduce the severity or frequency of migraines.

Painkillers

Many people who have migraines find that over-the-counter painkillers, such as paracetamol, aspirin and ibuprofen, can help to reduce their symptoms.

They tend to be most effective if taken at the first signs of a migraine attack, as this gives them time to absorb into your bloodstream and ease your symptoms.

It's not advisable to wait until the headache worsens before taking painkillers, as it's often too late for the medicine to work.

Tablets you dissolve in a glass of water (soluble painkillers) are a good alternative because they're absorbed quickly by your body.

If you cannot swallow painkillers because of nausea or vomiting, suppositories may be a better option. These are capsules that are inserted into the bottom.

Preventive medications

Medications can help prevent frequent migraines. Your doctor might recommend preventive medications if you have frequent, long-lasting or severe headaches that don't respond well to treatment.

Preventive medication is aimed at reducing how often you get a migraine how severe the attacks are and how long they last. Options include:

  • Blood pressure-lowering medications.These include beta blockers such as propranolol (Inderal, Innopran XL, others) and metoprolol tartrate (Lopressor). Calcium channel blockers such as verapamil (Calan, Verelan, others) can be helpful in preventing migraines with aura.
  • , A tricyclic antidepressant (amitriptyline), can prevent migraines. Because of the side effects of amitriptyline, such as sleepiness and weight gain, other antidepressants might be prescribed instead.
  • Anti-seizure drugs.Valproate (Depacon) and topiramate (Topamax) might help you have less frequent migraines, but can cause side effects such as dizziness, weight changes, nausea and more.
  • Botox injections.Injections of onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) about every 12 weeks help prevent migraines in some adults.
  • Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) monoclonal antibodies.Erenumab-aooe (Aimovig), fremanezumab-vfrm (Ajovy) and galcanezumab-gnlm (Emgality) are newer drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat migraines. They're given monthly by injection. The most common side effect is a reaction at the injection site.

 

10 common questions about Migraine Treatment

1How long can migraines last?
4-72 hours Migraines are disabling headaches that most likely stem from problems with the nerves and blood vessels in the head. Migraine headaches typically last from 4-72 hours. They may occur as often as several times a week to only once a year.
2Why do migraines happen?
One aspect of migraine pain theory explains that migraine pain happens due to waves of activity by groups of excitable brain cells. These trigger chemicals, such as serotonin, to narrow blood vessels. ... When serotonin or estrogen levels change, the result for some is a migraine.
3How do migraines start?
The cause of migraines is not yet known. It is suspected that they result from abnormal activity in the brain. ... Hormonal changes: Women may experience migraine symptoms during menstruation, due to changing hormone levels. Emotional triggers: Stress, depression, anxiety, excitement, and shock can trigger a migraine
4Is Coke good for migraines?
When your head hurts, you want relief fast. Whether it's a run-of-the-mill tension headache or a migraine, caffeine can help. ... Sometimes you can stop the pain in its tracks just by having caffeine alone. Caffeine helps reduce inflammation, and that can bring relief
5What is a silent migraine?
Silent Migraine: Symptoms, Treatments, and More. ... But for others, the condition may have different symptoms. Some people develop migraines that don't cause pain. These are often called “silent migraines.” Even though they don't cause physical pain, silent migraines may trigger other symptoms that can be debilitating.
6What is best for headaches?
For most run-of-the-mill headaches, it's usually best to try acetaminophen (Tylenol and generic) first. ... If acetaminophen doesn't relieve your pain, consider ibuprofen or naproxen (Aleve and generic). Both are Consumer Reports Best Buys
7Does sleep help a migraine?
It's hard to doubt the importance of a good night's sleep — the act helps us improve focus, react more quickly, and even create memories. And headache sufferers may be more aware of this than most: Irregular sleep patterns may trigger both headaches or migraines in some.
8Can a migraine last 5 days?
Migraine length varies. The National Headache Foundation says most migraines last 4 to 72 hours. ... Classic migraines, which start with a warning sign or aura and can be quite painful, can last a day or two. Common migraines, those that do not have auras first, can last three or four days.
9Can stress cause migraines?
Yes. Stress can trigger both migraine and tension-type headache. Events like getting married, moving to a new home, or having a baby can cause stress. But studies show that everyday stresses — not major life changes — cause most headaches
10Common Migraine Triggers
Common triggers often cause headaches in susceptible people. Certain beverages and additives are also among the worst triggers, including alcoholic beverages (especially red wine), caffeinated drinks (coffee, tea, and colas), monosodium glutamate (MSG), aspartame (NutraSweet), and nitrites.

[kkstarratings]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Online Consultation