Diabetes treatment medicine

Diabetes treatment medicine

diabetes treatment medicine

Medications for type 1 diabetes

  • Insulin

Insulin is the most common type of medication used in type 1 diabetes treatment.

If you have type 1 diabetes, your body can’t make its own insulin. The goal of treatment is to replace the insulin that your body can’t make.

Insulin is also used in type 2 diabetes treatment. It’s given by injection and comes in different types. The type of insulin you need depends on how severe your insulin depletion is.

  • Amylinomimetic drug

Pramlintide (SymlinPen 120, SymlinPen 60) is an amylinomimetic drug. It’s an injectable drug used before meals.

It works by delaying the time your stomach takes to empty itself. It reduces glucagon secretion after meals. This lowers your blood sugar.

It also reduces appetite through a central mechanism.

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Medications for type 2 diabetes

If you have type 2 diabetes, your body makes insulin but no longer uses it well.

Your body can’t make enough insulin to keep your blood sugar levels normal. The goal of treatment for you is to help your body use your insulin better or to get rid of extra sugar in your blood.

Most medications for type 2 diabetes are oral drugs. However, a few come as injections. Some people with type 2 diabetes may also need to take insulin.

  • Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors

These medications help your body break down starchy foods and table sugar. This effect lowers your blood sugar levels.

For the best results, you should take these drugs before meals. These drugs include:

  • Biguanides

Biguanides decrease how much sugar your liver makes. They decrease how much sugar your intestines absorb, make your body more sensitive to insulin, and help your muscles absorb glucose.

The most common biguanide is metformin (Glucophage, Metformin Hydrochloride ER, Glumetza, Riomet, Fortamet).

Metformin can also be combined with other drugs for type 2 diabetes. It’s an ingredient in the following medications:

  • Dopamine agonist

Bromocriptine (Cycloset) is a dopamine agonist.

It’s not known exactly how this drug works to treat type 2 diabetes. It may affect rhythms in your body and prevent insulin resistance.

  • Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors

DPP-4 inhibitors help the body continue to make insulin. They work by reducing blood sugar without causing hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).

These drugs can also help the pancreas make more insulin.

  • Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 receptor agonists)

These drugs are similar to the natural hormone called incretin.

They increase B-cell growth and how much insulin your body uses. They decrease your appetite and how much glucagon your body uses. They also slow stomach emptying.

These are all important actions for people with diabetes.

For some people, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, heart failure, or chronic kidney disease may predominate over their diabetes. In these cases, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends certain GLP-1 receptor agonists as part of an antihyperglycemic treatment regimen.

  • Meglitinides

These medications help your body release insulin. However, in some cases, they may lower your blood sugar too much.

Sodium-glucose transporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitors

Sodium-glucose transporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitors work by preventing the kidneys from holding on to glucose. Instead, your body gets rid of the glucose through your urine.

In cases where atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, heart failure, or chronic kidney disease predominate, the ADA recommends SGLT2 inhibitors as a possible treatment option.

  • Sulfonylureas

These are among the oldest diabetes drugs still used today. They work by stimulating the pancreas with the help of beta cells. This causes your body to make more insulin.

  • Thiazolidinediones

Thiazolidinediones work by decreasing glucose in your liver. They also help your fat cells use insulin better.

These drugs come with an increased risk of heart disease. If your doctor gives you one of these drugs, they’ll watch your heart function during treatment.

Other drugs

People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes often need to take other medications to treat conditions that are common with diabetes.

These drugs can include:

  • aspirin for heart health
  • drugs for high cholesterol
  • high blood pressure medications

10 common questions about Diabetes treatment medicine

1What is the first line treatment for diabetes?
Metformin should be the first-line drug for managing type 2 diabetes. Insulin and sulfonylureas should be second line, and glitazones should be reserved for third line. Metformin is the only drug for type 2 diabetes that does not cause weight gain, which is an important advantage
2Can you stop diabetes medication?
If the person also works hard to control diabetes with diet and exercise, he or she can lower the need for medicine and might be able to stop taking it altogether. As long as the person is able to keep blood sugar levels normal with diet and exercise, there isn't a need for medicine
3When should you take diabetes medication?
Glipizide begins working in approximately 30 minutes to an hour. Since this drug increases insulin secretion, it is recommended that you take it before meals to reduce the risk of hypoglycemic episodes. If you take it only once a day, it's best to do so prior to the largest meal of the day, or with breakfast
4What is the best diabetic medicine?
Metformin (Glucophage, Glumetza, others). Generally, metformin is the first medication prescribed for type 2 diabetes. It works by lowering glucose production in the liver and improving your body's sensitivity to insulin so that your body uses insulin more effectively
5Which diabetes medicine is safest?
But, "while adults with diabetes often need more than one medication to control blood sugar, the newer medications do not appear to be safer than the older drugs," added Bolen. Metformin is still the safest and most effective type 2 diabetes medication, said Bolen
6What is the latest drug for diabetes?
Tresiba, which was approved in 2015, is a brand-name version of the drug insulin degludec. It's used to treat both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Tresiba is a long-acting insulin that lasts up to 42 hours
7What is the new medicine for diabetes?
2 New Diabetes Medications Available for Treating Adults. A pair of new diabetes medications was recently made available to pharmacies to help lower A1C in adults. Ozempic (semiglutide) and Fiasp (insulin aspart injection) are both manufactured by Novo Nordisk and were approved by the FDA in 2017
8Is watermelon good for diabetics?
Watermelon is a good fruit choice for people with diabetes, but many people mistakenly think that it is not. The reason has to do with the difference between glycemic index and its glycemic load. The Glycemic Index (GI) is a measure of the effects of carbohydrates on blood glucose levels. ... Watermelon's GI is high, 72
9Can I control diabetes without medication?
Although there's no cure for type 2 diabetes, studies show it's possible for some people to reverse it. Through diet changes and weight loss, you may be able to reach and hold normal blood sugar levels without medication
10Is it dangerous to stop taking metformin?
But reducing the dosage of metformin or stopping it altogether is safe in some cases if your diabetes is under control. ... If you can manage these through such lifestyle changes, you may be able to stop taking metformin or other diabetes drugs.

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1 Comment

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