Pasargadae, Persepolis, Necropolis
The first capital of the Iranian tribes and the Achaemenian empire, Pasargadae is situated between the present-day Marvdasht and Saadat Abad 130 km to the northeast of Shiraz, not far from Esfahan-Shiraz road and less than 50 km from Persepolis.
The first capital of the Iranian tribes and the Achaemenian empire, Pasargadae is situated between the present-day Marvdasht and Saadat Abad 130 km to the northeast of Shiraz, not far from Esfahan-Shiraz road and less than 50 km from Persepolis. The nearby village is called Madar-e Suleiman (The Mother of Solomon) in much the same legendary ways as Persepolis is known as Takht-e Jamshid (The Throne of Jamshid). But there is no mythology about Cyrus the Great (550-530 BC) and his son Cambyses II (530-521 BC) who created the military encampment and associated buildings that the visitor now sees, with a clear influence of the Mesopotamian ziggurat.
Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire. It is situated 60 kilometres northeast of the city of Shiraz in Fars Province, Iran. The earliest remains of Persepolis date back to 515 BC. It exemplifies the Achaemenid style of architecture. UNESCO declared the ruins of Persepolis a World Heritage Site in 1979. Persepolis is known as Takht-e Jamshid (The Throne of Jamshid). It is not its right name, but Iranians usually call it this way. Persepolis means a place that people from Pars live in it. You may come across other names such as Sad Sotun (100 pillars) or Chehel Menar (40 minarets). This ancient palace is located 10 km away from the northern part of Marvdasht and 57 km away from Shiraz. It was actually built on a hill named Rahmat, making this structure even more imperial. Comparing to Acropolis, Persepolis has the same length, but it is 4 to 5 times larger in width, which makes its area about 125000 square meters (approximately 15 football fields). No one knows what was the primary function of Persepolis, but it seems that it had been a grand ceremonial complex, especially for international affairs.
There are eight palaces in Persepolis: Apadana Palace, Tachar Palace, Hadish Palace, The Queen’s Palace, Se-Dar Palace, Sad Sotun Palace, and Showra Palace.
Naqsh-e Rustam (necropolis)
Naqsh-e Rustam is an ancient necropolis situated northwest of Persepolis, the capital of the Achaemenid Empire. Naqsh-e Rustam (Naqsh-e Rostam) is an impressive reminder of once glorious Achaemenid Persian Empire (c. 550–330 BC) and it stands as a magnificent manifestation of ancient Persian art.
Naqsh-e Rustam is one of the sacred ancient sites for thousands of years which were flourishing on that time. However, some historical monuments of the Elamite, the Achaemenid and the Sassanid era have been carved on the mountain. The visitors will see Achaemenid Tombs, Ka’ba-ye Zartosht and Sassanid Reliefs in Naqsh-e Rustam.
Naghsh-e Rustam and Pasargadae are close to Persepolis. So, you can visit all three locations in one day.