Kidney Stone is a mass of insoluble calcium, that accumulates in the kidney and the tube draining into the bladder and the stone passes out during urination.
Kidney Stone Surgery(ureteroscopy) treatment in Iran
Ureteroscopy is a well known, outpatient procedure used to alleviate kidney stone or cysts from the ureter of the human body. It is the most sought after mode of treatment to treat conditions related to the liver, kidney and ureter.
Kidney stones can cause distress and pain while peeing. They can also stop the pee from leaving the body making the individual bear a lot of pain. Sometimes it can also cause internal bleeding or bleeding during peeing which is very risky for the individual and hence needs to be treated immediately.
It is a safe procedure which requires the patient to leave the same day as the treatment. Results are shown from the same day itself and last upto the longest time possible. The condition is caused due to unhealthy eating and drinking habits of individuals like smoking, drinking and consuming junk food often, which leads to liver damage and the formation of stones in the kidney and/or ureter. The procedure of ureteroscopy begins when the patient is discontinued with all the painkillers that they used to take. In many individuals during and after this procedure for a couple of days they might experience fatigue and discomfort due to the presence of the uretal bladder.
Ureteroscopy is carried out by a surgeon. The surgeon inserts a small scope into the bladder that is used to diagnose the ureter and the symptoms. In case of stones, the small scope helps the doctor look at the stones to find out how to safely remove it from the body. A tiny wire is passed into the lower ureter through the bladder, which helps in grabbing the stone and removing it from the body.
A skilled doctor can work on any size of the stone virtually. Sometimes, this procedure is accompanied by a shock wave therapy to break the stones completely. To reduce the swelling and to help the kidney to drain urine properly, your medical expert inserts a medicinal equipment called a ureteral stent for a couple of days and it will be removed after a few days or when your medical expert thinks it is appropriate to do so. Before the surgery certain medications are discontinued so that they do not hamper the results of the treatment. The presence of the stent helps the stones to pass off through your urine partially. This stent helps to eliminate certain complications regarding the kidney stones and prevent the blockage in the urinary tracts as well.
Any adult individual suffering from kidney stones, liver failure or other related symptoms are eligible for this treatment.
Children and pregnant women need to be cautious if there is a need to carry out this treatment on them. They should adhere to the doctor's recommendation since undergoing this treatment at a tender age or during pregnancy can cause side effects for the individual.
Patients having undergone the treatment for ureteroscopy can encounter irritation while peeing, accompanied by blood for the first few days. Apart from that, there are no side effects to this method of treatment as it rids the individual of the pain gradually.
The individual needs to take proper care of himself or herself after having undergone the treatment. He or she needs to take ample rest and be devoid of smoking, alcohol, and junk food in general for a couple of weeks.
kidney stone treatment (Ureteroscopy) cost in iran start from 400 .
Ureteroscopy costs in iran start from $400, depending upon the severity of the condition.
The results of the treatment are not permanent. Ureteroscopy has to be undergone in cases of kidney stones, liver damage, infections and related symptoms. If any symptoms occur again due to excess alcohol or smoking habits, the treatment needs to be undergone again.
Treatment for kidney stones varies, depending on the type of stone and the cause.
Small stones with minimal symptoms
Most small kidney stones won't require invasive treatment. You may be able to pass a small stone by:
Drinking water. Drinking as much as 2 to 3 quarts (1.9 to 2.8 liters) a day may help flush out your urinary system. Unless your doctor tells you otherwise, drink enough fluid — mostly water — to produce clear or nearly clear urine.
Pain relievers. Passing a small stone can cause some discomfort. To relieve mild pain, your doctor may recommend pain relievers such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or naproxen sodium (Aleve).
Medical therapy. Your doctor may give you a medication to help pass your kidney stone. This type of medication, known as an alpha blocker, relaxes the muscles in your ureter, helping you pass the kidney stone more quickly and with less pain.
Large stones and those that cause symptoms
Kidney stones that can't be treated with conservative measures — either because they're too large to pass on their own or because they cause bleeding, kidney damage or ongoing urinary tract infections — may require more-extensive treatment. Procedures may include:
Using sound waves to break up stones. For certain kidney stones — depending on size and location — your doctor may recommend a procedure called extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL).
ESWL uses sound waves to create strong vibrations (shock waves) that break the stones into tiny pieces that can be passed in your urine. The procedure lasts about 45 to 60 minutes and can cause moderate pain, so you may be under sedation or light anesthesia to make you comfortable.
ESWL can cause blood in the urine, bruising on the back or abdomen, bleeding around the kidney and other adjacent organs, and discomfort as the stone fragments pass through the urinary tract.
Surgery to remove very large stones in the kidney. A procedure called percutaneous nephrolithotomy (nef-row-lih-THOT-uh-me) involves surgically removing a kidney stone using small telescopes and instruments inserted through a small incision in your back.
You will receive general anesthesia during the surgery and be in the hospital for one to two days while you recover. Your doctor may recommend this surgery if ESWL was unsuccessful.
Using a scope to remove stones. To remove a smaller stone in your ureter or kidney, your doctor may pass a thin lighted tube (ureteroscope) equipped with a camera through your urethra and bladder to your ureter.
Once the stone is located, special tools can snare the stone or break it into pieces that will pass in your urine. Your doctor may then place a small tube (stent) in the ureter to relieve swelling and promote healing. You may need general or local anesthesia during this procedure.
Parathyroid gland surgery. Some calcium phosphate stones are caused by overactive parathyroid glands, which are located on the four corners of your thyroid gland, just below your Adam's apple. When these glands produce too much parathyroid hormone (hyperparathyroidism), your calcium levels can become too high and kidney stones may form as a result.
Hyperparathyroidism sometimes occurs when a small, benign tumor forms in one of your parathyroid glands or you develop another condition that leads these glands to produce more parathyroid hormone. Removing the growth from the gland stops the formation of kidney stones. Or your doctor may recommend treatment of the condition that's causing your parathyroid gland to overproduce the hormone.